The Relationship between Risk-taking, Fluency and Accuracy in the English Speech of Iranian EFL Students

| February 5, 2014 | 0 Comments

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Title

The Relationship between Risk-taking, Fluency and Accuracy in the English Speech of Iranian EFL Students

Authors

Behrooz Ghoorchaei & Zohreh Kassaian.

 

Bio Data:

Behrooz Ghoorchaei, Ph.D. candidate in TEFL at the University of Isfahan, has been an English teacher for a decade and is now involved in teaching English as well as research in sociolinguistics, teacher education, language teaching and assessment.

Zohreh Kassaian, Ph.D. in TEFL, is currently teaching and researching various topics at graduate and undergraduate levels at the University of Isfahan. Her areas of interests are: psycholinguistics, theories of learning, translation, language teaching and assessment.

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to investigate whether risk-taking, as a personality factor, is related to the speaking fluency and grammatical accuracy of Iranian EFL students. For this purpose, 74 Iranian EFL students took the OPT (Oxford placement test) test of English language proficiency. Out of this number, 50 students who were homogeneous in terms of English language proficiency, carried out the picture description task and filled out the Persian venturesomeness Subscale of Eysenck’s IVE questionnaire. The subjects were divided into 3 groups of high, medium and low risk-takers. Then the non-parametric test of Kruskal-Wallis was run using SPSS 13. The results showed that there was not a statistically significant relationship between risk-taking and speaking fluency; however, high risk-takers were more fluent than low risk-takers, and medium risk-takers were the optimal group in terms of speaking fluency. Also, it was found that there was a statistically significant relationship between risk-taking and grammatical accuracy in speaking. The medium risk-takers were the optimal group in terms of grammatical accuracy in speaking. The findings have some implications for language pedagogy and language testing.

Key words: Risk taking, Speaking fluency, Grammatical accuracy

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Category: 2009