Volume 8-1 February 2012.
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Audiovisual Mass Media News and Language Learning In EFL Context
Department of English, Mahshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahshahr, Iran
Abdol Majid Hayati
Department of English, College of literature and humanities, Shahid Chamran University
Department of English, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadan, Iran
Taher Bahrani is currently doing his Ph.D. at the University of Malaya, Malaysia. He is working on language learning and technology. He has published one paper in an ISI cited journal and many other in international peer-reviewed journals. He has also attended four international conferences such as KOTESOL. He has recently been invited to review papers for two ISI cited journal.
Abdol Majid Hayati: Majid Hayati Ph.D. in Linguistics. He teaches in Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran. He has published and presented many papers in the area of English language.
Bahman Gorjian is assistant professor in the English Department of Islamic Azad University, Abadan Branch, Iran. His main research interests are language teaching methodology and CALL research in EFL contexts.
Today, technology has dominated the world by extensive improvements in audiovisual mass media such as TV and radio. Accordingly, TV is not just an entertainment tool anymore. It can be used as pedagogically valuable source of authentic language input for language learning. In the same line, the present study aims at investigating the effect of exposure to audiovisual mass media news on improving EFL learners’ speaking proficiency. To achieve this purpose, a speaking proficiency test was administered to two hundred language learners and ultimately sixty intermediate language learners were selected and randomly divided into group one and group two. During the experiment, group one participants had exposure to TV and radio news to work on in-and out-side the classroom. On the contrary, the participants in group two had only exposure to a sample selected utterances extracted from different kinds of TV and radio programs rather than news. At the end of the experiment, both groups took another sample speaking proficiency test to find out whether any significant improvement was achieved regarding their speaking proficiency. Accordingly, the results obtained from the post-test indicated that both groups performed differently on the post-test which was indicative of the fact that exposure to TV and radio news compared to non-news programs promotes EFL learners’ speaking proficiency more.
Key words: Exposure, Mass media, Audiovisual programs, Speaking proficiency