February 2013 | PDF |
A Contrastive Rhetorical Analysis of Persian and English Narrative Genre in Short Stories
Nasser Rashidi (Ph.D.)
Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Afsaneh Baharloo (M.A.)
Nasser Rashidi, academic member of the Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics of Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. His area of research is TEFL including language teaching and testing, discourse analysis and sociolinguistics. His recent publications include Practical Contrastive Analysis of English and Persian with Special Emphasis on Grammar with L. Yarmohammadi (2009) and Practical Contrastive Analysis of English and Persian with Special Emphasis on Vocabulary with L. Yarmohammadi (2010).
Afsaneh Baharloo, M.A. in TEFL. She has taught some B.A. courses at Shiraz University. Her area of interest is Language Skills.
The purpose of the present study was to compare the rhetorical organization or macro-structure of Persian and English narrative genre used in short stories. To conduct such a study two short stories, one in English and one in Persian, of the same length and written by famous writers were chosen. Following Hatch’s (1994) approach, the researchers analyzed the two short stories regarding their components. The results of the analysis showed that narrative genres in Persian and English short stories shared similar components, though some parts might be different in some respects such as: whether they provided the readers with detailed versus brief elaboration, or direct versus indirect description. In the paper, the components of the short stories, similar and different ones, and their relationship and interaction are shown in two separate models.
Keywords: Genre, narrative, contrastive, rhetorical, macro-structure.