On the Effect of Background Knowledge and IQ on Reading Comprehension and Recall Process of a Group of Iranian Intermediate Students

| January 27, 2014 | 0 Comments

February 2013 | PDF |

Title

On the Effect of Background Knowledge and IQ on Reading Comprehension and Recall Process of a Group of Iranian Intermediate Students

Author

Mahboobeh Khosrojerdi (M.A.)

Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran

 

Biodata

Mahboobeh Khosrojerdi is a faculty member of Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar. Her main research interests are reading comprehension, ESP and psycholinguistics.

 

Author

Mahboobeh Khosrojerdi (M.A.)

Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran

 

Biodata

Mahboobeh Khosrojerdi is a faculty member of Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar. Her main research interests are reading comprehension, ESP and psycholinguistics.

Abstract 

The study reported here sought to find further evidence of the role of background knowledge as well as IQ in EFL reading comprehension and recall. The study was conducted in three succeeding phases. First, 90 subjects took the TOEFL test. The results enabled the researcher to select 20 subjects in intermediate level for the study. In the second phase, an IQ test was administered to measure the intelligence level of the subjects. In the third phase, a questionnaire and four reading comprehension texts were administered.  The students were supposed to read the questions on the questionnaire and answer them to decide their level of familiarity. Then, based on their answers two texts were considered familiar and two unfamiliar. The subjects were supposed to read the texts and write their recalls on a separate sheet of paper. Finally, the recall protocols were analyzed. The result of the t-tests showed that background knowledge had effects on reading comprehension and the recall of the texts. The correlation procedures further showed that IQ and recall were correlated but it was not significant.

Keywords: Background knowledge, Reading comprehension, Recall process, IQ

Category: 2013